Bomb Loads Bomb load information was taken from: "The Avro Lancaster" by Francis K. Mason, 1990 Bomb loads for non-Pathfinder aircraft varied between aircraft and/or the target being attacked. Roe & Company, Ltd., to a 1936 Royal Air Force specification calling for a bomber powered by two 24-cylinder Rolls-Royce Vulture engines. The Lancaster bomber holds a special place of affection mingled with a great deal of pride in the hearts of British and Commonwealth citizens—feelings which perhaps find their parallel in the hearts of Americans toward the B-17 . 2 x 0.50 caliber Browning heavy machine guns in tail gun position. Avro Lancaster | BAE Systems | International The Lancaster was a heavily armed bomber. Mosquito has a crew of two, compared to a Lancaster's crew of seven. The upfront cost is 310,000 . Avro Lancaster Night Bomber_AV - Knife Edge Forums The Avro Lancaster is one of the most famous heavy bombers of the Second World War. The Lancaster Bomber Avro Lancaster - Specifications. The Avro Lancaster was a British WWII heavy bomber made initially by Avro for the RAF. Avro Lancaster B.Mk I Four-Engined Heavy Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft Boeing B-29A Superfortress Strategic Long-Range, High-Altitude Heavy Bomber Aircraft BASICS ORIGIN United Kingdom ORIGIN United States YEAR 1942 [Diff.-1 yrs] YEAR 1943 [Diff.+1 yrs] CREW 7 CREW 10 PRODUCTION 7,377 units [Diff.+3,407] PRODUCTION 3,970 units [Diff.-3,407] 'Usual' consisted of a 4,000 impact-fused HC bomb ('cookie'), and 12 Small Bomb Containers (SBCs) each loaded with incendiaries, in this case, 236 x . The Handley Page Type O/100 owed a lot to Sikorsky's ideas; of similar size, it used just two Rolls-Royce Eagle engines and could carry up to 2,000 lb (910 kg) of bombs. On this operation, the crew took with them Sgt. As residents of Goole gathered to watch the detonation of a World War Two bomb found on a building site, local rumour was that the explosive had come from a Lancaster bomber shedding its load . A modified version could take on the heaviest bomb ever produced for Bomber Command, the 22,000-pound (10,000-kg) "Grand Slam". The doubling from two to four motors meant an increase in the Manchester's maximum bomb load, from 10,350 lbs to . Avro Lancaster The Avro Lancaster, viewed as the best WWII heavy bomber, could carry up to 14,000 pounds (6,350 kg) of bombs. but in 1943 the chances were much slimmer. Mindful crews noted the amount of fuel as well as the bomb load and could determine where they would be heading to. The exact number produced was 1,169. LANCASTERS CARRY 8-TON BOMB LOAD; Speed Is 300 Miles and Range 3,000, British Reveal -- 10 Machine-Guns Arm Craft R.A.F. Five top facts about the Lancaster bomber - The performance of the Lancaster was simply outstanding. - The performance of the Lancaster was simply outstanding. Lancaster 'N' with pilot at the controls looking out of the open cockpit window. The doubling from two to four motors meant an increase in the Manchester's maximum bomb load, from 10,350 lbs to . Engines. The Lancaster could carry the heaviest bomb load of any bomber in WW2. It could reach a maximum speed of 280 miles (450 km) per hour and a ceiling of 24,500 feet (7,500 metres), and it could carry a 14,000-pound (6,350-kg) bomb load to a range of 1,660 miles (2,670 km) at 200 miles (320 km) per hour. Lancaster B Mk.I. Manual Engine Control Pros and cons Pros: Great bomb-load of up to 6 tons Measuring 5'-0" wide x 33'-0" long (1.52 m x 10.0 m) Updated: February 2008. 3000 kg for historical accuracy AND balancing reasons. The bomb aimer, or "air bomber", had his "office" in the nose of the aircraft - either lying on the floor, assisting the navigator, aiming and releasing the bomb load, or, climbing in the cupola above, as the front gunner. F.N. The Lanc had speed, ceiling, and lifting power that no other Aircraft of the day could match. IMO they should reduce the Yers bomb load to 2000 and max. 11) Bomb aimer. but that would mean that the germans shot down more Lancaster's than the british could build. Entering service with RAF Bomber Command in 1942, it soon became their main heavy bomber. Large columns of thick black smoke rose from the town up to 3,000 feet. Recorded in Lancaster "F" Freddy of 207 Squadron RAF. For defense, the standard Lancaster had eight Browning .303-caliber Mark II machine guns in three power-operated turrets, with a total of 14,000 rounds of ammunition. The normal Bomb load was 13,000 lbs. Six aircrew wearing Mae Wests are standing behind the bomb trolley. Live from Lincs Aviation Heritage Centre featuring Lancaster NX-611 'Just Jane'https://www.lincsaviation.co.uk/-----. 1 x 0.50 caliber Browning heavy machine gun in right waist position. (Although this varied by altitude, and these figures are for the Lancaster I - weights varied with later models). This was the largest bomb load carried by any aircraft during the war. Lancaster- first combat 3 March 42 cruising speed- 180mph empty weight 36,828 horsepower-5120hp bomb load (Berlin) 14,000lbs defensive armament- 8x .30cal crew-7 standout feature- massive bomb load with 7000 pound bomb load with 12,000 pound bomb load with 22,000 pound bomb load Armament. Jun 15, 2005. With the 2 x 4,000 lb bomb load, the plane can be put into a shallow dive to quickly reach and destroy 2 mini-bases (1 bomb for each), before most enemy fighters have climbed to altitude. Lancaster M2, or M squared. How high can a Lancaster bomber fly? Mk.I. PFF. It was famous for flying when severely out matched . . At first, the heaviest bomb carried was the 4,000 lb (1,800 kg) high capacity HC "Cookie". An important feature of the Lancaster was its unobstructed, 33 ft (10 m) long, bomb bay. He 111 had a small bomb load also had a small bomb load. According to BAE System's heritage page on the Lancaster bomber, entitled 'Avro 683 Lancaster', it could reach speeds of up to 282 mph (454 km/h) at at a weight of 63,000 lb on its four Rolls-Royce Merlin V12 engines. 7,8401bs, 1 x 4,0001b, 600 x 41b, and 48 x 301b. Dropping over 600,000 tonnes of bombs in over 156,000 sorties, the Lancaster was responsible for two-thirds of the bombs dropped by . See Bomb Load Configurations. Since we can't include every bomber ever made, we selected 19 that are most famous from World War II to today. History: Unquestionably one of the leading significance aircraft of WW2, as well as one of the finest planes of aviation history, the Avro Lancaster came to exist as a result of the fiasco of its forerunner. If it has any advantages, it is that it the Lancaster can carry a powerful payload. After I levelled out I asked the crew to try and release the bomb load manually, with no electrics . Just as the 43rd began converting to the Liberator, the 380th Bomb Group arrived in Australia and began combat operations with B-24s. 24,500 feet It could reach a maximum speed of 280 miles (450 km) per hour and a ceiling of 24,500 feet (7,500 metres), and it could carry a 14,000-pound (6,350-kg) bomb load to a range of 1,660 miles (2,670 km) at 200 miles (320 km) per hour. However, the Lancaster was competing with the Spitfire and Mosquito for the Rolls Royce Merlin engines it . It used two .303" (7.7mm . The Lancaster carries the heaviest bomb load of any bomber before the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress, at a fantastic 14,000 lb (6,363 kg), and the heaviest of any British bomber in the game. The Lancaster was designed to carry a 14,000 pound (6,350 kilograms) bomb load, but modified bombers carried the 22,000 pounds (9,979 kilograms) Grand Slam bomb. It could fly further and higher, carried a greater bomb load, flew more sorties and inflicted greater damage than any other RAF bomber. The result was quite successful and renamed Lancaster Mk.I. around 12,000lb. Typical Lancaster bombloads to The Ruhr were on the order of 10-14,000 lb, depending on what the target and mission was. How high could a Lancaster bomber fly? Meet the Crew. The Bombs were split between one main Bomb Bay in the . This British bomber is one of the most famous and iconic bomber aircraft of the Second World War. Print available in the UK here: The He 117, was not a massed produced bomber. The Lancaster was designed to carry a 14,000 pound (6,350 kilograms) bomb load, but modified bombers carried the 22,000 pounds (9,979 kilograms) Grand Slam bomb. It was instantly recognized that this was no normal aircraft and the time between design, prototype and production was minimized. 5 front turret: F.N. Updated: February 2008. The most iconic heavy bomber of World War II. The 22nd Bomb Group, which had entered combat with B-26s, then was equipped with B-25s, would also convert to the B-24. Two pictures showing the 2,000 lb H.C bomb being loaded into a lancaster bomber: Image taken from The australian Beaufighter MK 21 descriptive manual, january 1945 Showing how to load a 2,000lb H.C bomb onto a beaufighter Mk.21 The halifax could carry a total of 6 of these bombs at maximum payload: the same for the short stirling: It could reach a maximum speed of 280 miles (450 km) per hour and a ceiling of 24,500 feet (7,500 metres), and it could carry a 14,000-pound (6,350-kg) bomb load to a range of 1,660 miles (2,670 km) at 200 miles (320 km) per hour. The B-17 had a notably smaller bomb bay than the Lanc (impressive though the B-17's payload was at the time of its design) - although the 22,000lb figure is for the Grand Slam carrying Lancs rather than the standard maximum load (which was, IIRC, about 14,000lb). It had eight 0.303 machine guns in various turrets on board. The Sikorsky bomber had a wingspan just a few feet shorter than, with a bomb load only 3% of, a World War II Avro Lancaster. The B-17 had a notably smaller bomb bay than the Lanc (impressive though the B-17's payload was at the time of its design) - although the 22,000lb figure is for the Grand Slam carrying Lancs rather than the standard maximum load (which was, IIRC, about 14,000lb). Lancasters carried 64% of the tonnage dropped by Bomber Command during the conflict, They could also carry the heaviest payload of the war at 22,000 lbs bomb, exceeding the 20,000 lbs maximum payload of the bigger and more advanced B-29 - an airplane twice as heavy as the Lancaster. Compatible with Flight Simulator X, FSX: Steam edition and Prepar3D v2-4, the accuracy and attention to detail will bring the desktop pilot as close as it is . Area bombing would usually be 12-14 x 1,000 lbs GP (MC) bombs or 10-14 1000 lbs Small Bomb Containers. In post-war use, the Canadian- built Lancasters went on to serve in highly useful roles. That was the He 111. What was the top speed of a Lancaster bomber? How many Lancasters are left in the world? Don't forget that the B-17 could carry an overload (including external racks under . Yes, you'll see everything from a B-17 Flying Fortress to the B-2 Spirit. Lancaster: Bomb Bay. legoman submitted a new upload: Avro Lancaster Night Bomber_AV Different bomb load than the default EA with Bomb Bay doors and a "demolition" Bomb load View the Swap Page Opposition. At the nose are trolleys with bombs being prepared by seven armourers. . Mosquito was a proven precision day bomber and the Lancaster was not. For defense, the standard Lancaster had eight Browning .303-caliber Mark II machine guns in three power-operated turrets, with a total of 14,000 rounds of ammunition. Improved power plants, however, provided steadily improving performance: the Lancaster VII, for example, with 1,207kW Merlin 24 engines, had a maximum take-off weight of 30,844kg by comparison with the 22,680kg of the early Lancaster I. overall it seams that the average crew could survive 48 missions in the LANCASTER and 60 missions in B17. With the failure of the Manchester, the Lancaster inherited a bomb-bay that could lift just about anything, leaving it unmatched as a load carrier. The maximum load capacity of normal bomb versions was 6356 kg of bombs in various configurations. Print available in the US here: ClaveworksUSA: Home: Zazzle.com Store. This remained constant throughout the Halifax's career. Eighty years ago this month, on 09 January 1941, the iconic Lancaster first flew. Accordingly, the Lancaster was less heavily armed than its American contemporaries, as it depended less on self-defense in order to carry out its mission. The Bomber Command Digital Archive is an initiative of the International Bomber . A stricken Lancaster crashed on its run-in blowing up with its full bomb load. Crew losses- 47500 left England and did not return at the end of the mission. It was also using engines that didn't have quite the same specifications as the Lancaster. The Lancaster was the brainchild of design genius Roy Chadwick. The Lancaster is a Tier 4 bomber that currently faces jets and high tier opponents. Mosquito loss rate is just 1/10 of Lancasters' loss rate. The Lancaster has very useless defensive armament as it was a night bomber. Mason as a second pilot (Second Dickie in R.A.F. A common load for long range was 14 x 1,000 pound HE bombs. Lancaster and its bomb load. The Lancaster versions with a specially deepened bomb bay were carrying a heavy bomb of 3632 kg or a Tallboy bomb of 5448 kg. They were used to attack particularly important point targets. I joined the RAF in 1941 and trained as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner, flying on various types of aircraft .The first aircraft that . 57 Squadron RAF at Scampton Lincolnshire. The Lancaster proved to be the heavy lifter of Bomber Command, able to carry not only a mixed bomb load of 14,000 pounds, it could loft the 12,000 pound Tallboy, 22,000 pound Grand Slam, and the dam-busting Upkeep. It could carry a maximum bomb load of 22,000 lb, its maximum level speed with a full load at 15,000 feet was 275 mph and it could cruise routinely at altitudes above 20,000ft at a range speed of . On special occasions they often carried the RAF's largest bomb . With a wingspan of 102 feet and four Rolls-Royce Merlin V-12 engines, the Lancaster could carry the heaviest bomb load in the European Theatre of Operations. This target was considered to be at maximum range for a Lancaster bomber so a reduced bomb load to that normally carried was loaded onto the aircraft along with extra fuel for the long trip to Italy. What was the top speed of a Lancaster bomber? Mosquito carries to Berlin half the bomb load carried by a Lancaster, but. https://youtu.be/OaH2-g04cIAThe incredible story of the Avro Lancaster, one of th. 22 Sheets. The Lancaster was designed to carry a 14,000-lb (6,350-kg) Bomb Load, but modified Bombers carried the 22,000-lb (9,979-kg) Grand Slam Bomb. Aiming Point Red T.I.s backed By Green T.I.s With modifications to the bomb bay the Lancaster could carry single 12,000 and 22,000 pound bombs, the only bomber in the world to do so. How much weight could a Lancaster bomber carry? If the usual bomber at Tier III (like Do 217, Wellington, .) The normal crew was seven airmen. Listen to "Raid on Berlin": Actuality recording of a Royal Air Force (RAF) bombing raid over Berlin, Germany on 4 September 1943. For Defence, the standard Lancaster had 8 Browning .303-caliber Mk.II Machine Guns in 3 power-operated Turrets, with a total of 14,000 rounds of Ammunition. Post by phylo_roadking » 18 May 2014, 00:07 Additionally large quantities of ANM 59 and ANM 64, 1,000 lbs bomb were also pressed in to service by all of the Command's front line squadrons The front turret, a Nash and Thompson FN.5, is Just Jane's original turret. A heavy quad-engine all-metal monoplane bomber based on the twin-engine Avro Model 679 Manchester bomber. Bomb load. Description. What was the top speed of a Lancaster bomber? Initially, the heaviest bomb carried was the 1818 kg bomb. Night fighters were also active in the target area. In September 1936 the Air Staff released requirements P13/36 for a twin-engined bomber of outstanding dimensions as well as capability to be run . Not a single B-17 bomber ever appeared in the skies over Japan while hostilities were under way. For its primary role as a Bomber, a variety of Weapons could be carried in a 22 ft (6.71 m) long Bomb Bay in the lower Fuselage, supplemented by 2 Bomb Compartments in the Wing centre-section, one on each side of the Fuselage. The Aircraft Perhaps the best four-engined bomber of WWII, the Avro Lancaster has earned its place in history as well as in the hearts of the English people. By: Creaking Door - 7th February 2010 at 16:17 Permalink - Edited 1st January 1970 at 01:00 The other thing is the ratio between bomb load and range. The four-engined Avro Avro Lancaster heavy bomber was designed and built by AV Roe & Company for the RAF during the Second World War. A full tour of duty for those crew members was 30 missions after which, they had "earned" their pass an could be transferred to less dangerous duties. The Lancaster was the backbone of RAF Bomber Command. Check out our show Real Fake History's episode on the Battle Of Britain! Contrary by Nature. The He 117 was by no means Germany's main bomber. OPTIONAL: Maximum internal bombload of 7,983 kg (17,600 lb). Lancaster bomb bay showing "Abnormal" industrial demolition load of 14 1,000-pound MC (medium capacity) high-explosive bombs. Initially designated Avro Type 683 Manchester III, the four-engine heavy bomber Avro Lancaster, a direct development of the unsuccessful twin-engine Avro Manchester. 10 July 2005. Which ww2 bomber had the heaviest bomb load? The Avro Lancaster B Mk. Lancaster, also called Avro Lancaster, the most successful British heavy bomber of World War II.The Lancaster emerged from the response by A.V. The bomb load most commonly used for area bombing raids (Bomber Command executive codeword 'Usual') in the bomb bay of an Avro Lancaster of No. The most common loads are listed bellow. Moderate to heavy flak engaging coned aircraft, also intense barrage at bomb release points. The 'Grand Slam' at 22,000 lb (9979 kg) was the heaviest bomb carried in World War Two. III is a tough, rugged four-engined heavy bomber which currently sits at Tier 4 in the British line. The revised design was an immediate success and the Lancaster went on to carry the heaviest individual bomb loads of the Second World War. The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engined strategic bomber that was used as the RAF's principal heavy bomber during the latter half of the Second World War. . Avro Lancaster - $$20.00. In this spirit, we made another infographic (as you requested actually) showing you guys the payloads of bombers. Halifax Bomb Load. Avro Lancaster Load 1: 4 x 250 lb Red TI bombs + 2 x 1,000 lb MC bombs + 10 x 500 lb MC bombs. The Lancaster was a wartime bomber introduced in 1942 at a time when nocturnal missions were the norm and it was felt that defensive armament and armour could be kept to a minimum and thus allow the greatest possible bomb load to be carried to the target. Had a re-think and added some more as well: Lancaster Load 1. The first Lancasters entered service in 1942. "I was the Navigator of a Lancaster bomber attacking Berlin on the night of 23/11/43. Deep in suburban Surrey. The Avro Lancaster, viewed as the best WWII heavy bomber, could carry up to 14,000 pounds (6,350 kg) of bombs. Lancaster Bomb Loads During WW2 the Lancaster was the most successful bomber used by the RAF and the RCAF. As time progressed, the bomb bay in the plane was changed to allow such mighty bombs as the 'Grand Slam' to be carried. This carrying capacity facilitated one of the most high . Re: Lancaster bomb load reduced using American bombs? Currently, the Lancaster carries the heaviest bomb-load of any British aircraft. . Five top facts about the Lancaster bomber - The performance of the Lancaster was simply outstanding. An action-ready Lancaster Bomber had a crew of seven, as detailed below. Wow dyslexia for the FAIL, my apologies. The aircraft was Lancaster ED586 EM-F which was lost on an operation to Stettin on 5-6 January 1944. 80th Anniversary of the Lancaster's First Flight. It could carry a maximum bomb load of 22,000 lb, its maximum level speed with a full load at 15,000 feet was 275 mph and it could cruise routinely at altitudes above 20,000ft at a range speed of 200 mph. The Lancaster bomber holds a special place of affection mingled with a great deal of pride in the hearts of British and Commonwealth citizens—feelings which perhaps find their parallel in the hearts of Americans toward the B-17 . What was the top speed of a Lancaster bomber? The Lancaster could carry a much heavier bomb load than the B-17 or the B-24, while operating at similar speeds and at a slightly longer range. B-17G (In Addition to Above): 2 x 0.50 caliber Browning heavy machine guns in powered Bendix chin turret. It first saw active service in 1942, and together with the Handley Page Halifax it was one of the main heavy bombers of the RAF, the RCAF and squadrons from other Commonwealth and European countries. Their astonishing bravery is made obvious by the fact that the loss rate was, on average, 5% so you . A modified version could take on the heaviest bomb ever produced for Bomber Command, the 22,000-pound (10,000-kg) "Grand Slam". The most famous heavy bomber of WW2, B-17 Flying Fortress, did not have a very good carrying capacity, standard load for medium distances was only 3.6 tonnes and only 2 tonnes for long distances, even though it was about the same size and cost as the Lancaster. The resultant aircraft, the Manchester, first flew in July 1939, entered production the following year, and was . The Lancaster was manufactured in Canada by Victory Aircraft Ltd. in Malton, Ontario, and 430 Mk 10 versions were built. Which ww2 bomber had the heaviest bomb load? Over 11,000 fewer than the B-17. 50 mid-upper turret: Two 0.303 machine guns Four 0.303 machine guns Its massive bomb bay could hold a variety of bomb loads dependent on the mission. RAIDS DEFY WEATHER Nazis Hit Mental Hospital, Kill 12 Inmates -- Rudolph . The impressive thing about the Lancaster was its bomb load, which is why it belongs in tier 4. Also, the numbers displayed are the maximum . slang.) Don't forget that the B-17 could carry an overload (including external racks under . The Avro Manchester was a medium bomber whose specification demanded that two torpedoes be carried internally. with worse defensive armament (compared to russian Laser MGs) can only carry up to 2000kg and the russian one can carry up to 5000kg I can't help myself but call this bias. It can quickly end games if left to go about its business. Marking. 20 rear turret: F.N. Unlike other Bomber Command aircraft, the Lancaster's bomb bay was spacious and uninterrupted, and allowed it to carried many varied bomb loads. Its just another example of how direct comparisons are useless. Propeller Flying,RAF. Mosquito costs a third of the cost of a Lancaster. but to no avail. Developed by the expert vintage aircraft team at Aeroplane Heaven, this simulation of the Lancaster B Mk.I is the definitive re-creation of WWII's most famous bomber. Bomb load changed considerably, the cavernous bomb bay being designed originally to carry bombs of up to . Avro Lancaster Type: British heavy bomber. It could carry a maximum bomb load of 22,000 lb, its maximum level speed with a full load at 15,000 feet was 275 mph and it could cruise routinely at altitudes above 20,000ft at a range speed of . It was an all-metal, mid-wing monoplane capable of carrying an internal load of up to 18,000 pounds. Later modifications to the bomb bay allowed the Lancaster to carry the 22,000lb "Grand Slam" bomb.
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